Integration with Argo CD

Argo CD is a declarative, GitOps continuous delivery tool, which allows developers to define and control deployment of Kubernetes application resources from within their existing Git workflow. By integrating Open Cluster Management (OCM) with Argo CD, it enables both automation and greater flexibility managing Argo CD Applications across a large number of OCM managed clusters.

In this article, we want to show you how to integrate Argo CD with OCM and deploy application to OCM managed clusters by leveraging the Placement API, which supports multi-cluster scheduling.

Before starting with the following steps, we suggest you understand the content below:

How it works

How it works

1. Import Kubernetes clusters to the OCM hub as managed clusters and organize them with managed clustersets.

2. Register the OCM managed clusters to ArgoCD.

The OCM managed clusters can be registered to Argo CD one by one manually by using Argo CD CLI. It may take time to finish it if there are a large number of clusters. In order to make the cluster registration easier, consider to use multicloud-integrations to automate the procedure.

3. Create a configuration of Cluster Decision Resource generator by using OCM Placement API.

cat << EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: ocm-placement-generator
  namespace: argocd
data:
  apiVersion: cluster.open-cluster-management.io/v1beta1
  kind: placementdecisions
  statusListKey: decisions
  matchKey: clusterName
EOF

With reference to this generator, an ApplicationSet can target the application to the clusters listed in the status of a set of PlacementDecision, which belong to a certian Placement.

4. Grant Argo CD permissions to access OCM resoruces.

cat << EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: Role
metadata:
  name: ocm-placement-consumer
  namespace: argocd
rules:
- apiGroups: ["cluster.open-cluster-management.io"]
  resources: ["placementdecisions"]
  verbs: ["get", "list"]

---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
kind: RoleBinding
metadata:
  name: ocm-placement-consumer:argocd
  namespace: argocd
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: Role
  name: ocm-placement-consumer
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  namespace: argocd
  name: argocd-applicationset-controller
EOF

5. Bind at least one managed clusterset to the argocd namespace.

For example, in order to bind the global managed clusterset to the argocd namespace, the user must have an RBAC rule to create on the virtual subresource of managedclustersets/bind of the global managed clusterset.

clusteradm clusterset bind global --namespace argocd

The above command will create a ManagedClusterSetBinding resource in the argocd namespace. Normally, it should not be included by an application in the git repo because applying it to a Kubernetes cluster needs additional permissions.

6. Create a placement in the argocd namespace to select some managed clusters.

cat << EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: cluster.open-cluster-management.io/v1beta1
kind: Placement
metadata:
  name: guestbook-app-placement
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  numberOfClusters: 10
EOF

7. Create an ApplicationSet in the argocd namespace.

The ApplicationSet has references to the Cluster Decision Resource generator previously created and placement. This will help Argo CD to determine where the application should be deployed. The managed clusters selected by the referenced placement may be changed dynamically. By setting requeueAfterSeconds of the generator in the ApplicationSet spec, the Argo CD will check the cluster decisions of the referenced placement periodically and ensure the application is deployed to the correct managed clusters.

cat << EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: argoproj.io/v1alpha1
kind: ApplicationSet
metadata:
  name: guestbook-app
  namespace: argocd
spec:
  generators:
    - clusterDecisionResource:
        configMapRef: ocm-placement-generator
        labelSelector:
          matchLabels:
            cluster.open-cluster-management.io/placement: guestbook-app-placement
        requeueAfterSeconds: 30
  template:
    metadata:
      name: '{{clusterName}}-guestbook-app'
    spec:
      project: default
      source:
        repoURL: 'https://github.com/argoproj/argocd-example-apps.git'
        targetRevision: HEAD
        path: guestbook
      destination:
        name: '{{clusterName}}'
        namespace: guestbook
      syncPolicy:
        automated:
          prune: true
        syncOptions:
          - CreateNamespace=true
EOF

8. Check the status of the ApplicationSet and the Application.

Confirm the ApplicationSet is created and an Application is generated for each selected managed cluster.

$ kubectl -n argocd get applicationsets
NAME            AGE
guestbook-app   4s

$ kubectl -n argocd get applications
NAME                     SYNC STATUS   HEALTH STATUS
cluster1-guestbook-app   Synced        Progressing
cluster2-guestbook-app   Synced        Progressing

And on each selected managed cluster confirm the Application is running.

$ kubectl -n guestbook get pods
NAME                           READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
guestbook-ui-6b689986f-cdrk8   1/1     Running   0          112s

What’s next

To build an OCM environment integrated with Argo CD with KinD clusters, see Deploy applications with Argo CD for more details.